|Photo taken at New York’s 32nd Precinct. Voters had some difficulty with New York’s new “Terminator” voting machines.
In the fallout of the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election, the U.S. Congress and President Bush passed the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (“HAVA”) to prevent a recurrence of the voter confusion and vote invalidation that occurred in that election. Among its provisions, HAVA required states to create electronic voter registration lists, implement stricter voter identification standards, and transition to modern electronic voting machines. These changes were met with resistance from voting rights advocates and state officials; nevertheless the number of HAVA compliant localities continues to increase. New York remained among the states that did not implement key provisions of HAVA, even in the face of challenges from the U.S. Justice Department. [Read more…] about Optical Scanners, Punch Cards, and Levers: New York City’s Continuing War Against the Machines